Professor Sue Baines

Professor of Social Enterprise
Professor Sue Baines


Sue is Professor of Social Enterprise. She leads projects in PERU around social enterprise and social innovation. Her roles include research development, as well as managing research and knowledge exchange in collaboration with internal and external colleagues. 

She is particularly interested in:

·         Social enterprise, civil society, and “entrepreneurship” in the context of public services

·         Social innovation and collaboration across sectors

·         Enterprise and environmental sustainability

She also has a substantial track record of research and publication on micro-enterprise, the home as a site of production, gender, and household livelihoods.

Sue has been awarded funding for research and knowledge exchange on these themes from UK Research Councils, Charities and the European Commission (Horizon 2020 and Erasmus+). Sue is involved with a number of international projects in Europe, India and South East Asia.


Sue initially came to Manchester Met  in 2007 as Reader in Social Policy. Before that, she was a Principal Research Associate at Newcastle University in the Centre for Knowledge, Innovation, Technology and Enterprise, an interdisciplinary research group closely engaged with challenges of public service and cross-sectoral partnership working. She led the Learning & Evaluation strand of Framework for Multi-agency Environments (FAME), which  was the largest and most ambitious of the 22 national projects funded by the (then) Office of the Deputy Prime Minister to support the delivery of local e-government in England.

She joined the Centre for Enterprise at Manchester Metropolitan University in 2012 and was as awarded a Personal Chair (Research) as Professor of Social Enterprise in 2014. She joined the Policy Evaluation and Research Unit in September 2017.

Research Activity

Social Innovation, civil society, social enterprise and public services

Innovative Social Investment: Strengthening communities in Europe (InnoSI) European Commission H2020 (2015 – 2017)

Information Sharing in Policy and Practice: What needs to be shared (and not shared) when we share information?  ESRC Research Seminars Series  (2015 – 2017)

ENGAGE: Stimulating Third Sector Organisations in the Health Sector Supply Chain, ESRC Business Engagement Opportunities   (2009-2011).  

Re-mixing the economy of welfare: what is emerging beyond the market and the state, ESRC Seminar Series (2009-2010)

Doing ones duty: a case study of volunteering in a deprived community,    ESRC (2005 – 2006)

Explorations of forced labour amongst Chinese migrant workers Joseph Rowntree Foundation   in partnership the Wai Yin Society (2002 – 2003)

Framework for Multi-agency Environments (FAME) Learning & Evaluation Department of Communities and Local Government (2003 – 2006)


Sustainable enterprise

 Rural Hybrid Energy Enterprise Systems (RHEES) EPSRC  (2012 – 2016)

Making pub retailing greener: A university & private sector partnership to build and share research ESRC


Small business and entrepreneurship

SME Realities in a Changing Europe – the economic implications of Brexit, Workshop series funded under UK in a Changing Europe, ESRC (2016 – 2017)

Exploring the potential of the Northwest’s small firms to drive forward economic recovery  Private Sector Partners (2013 – 2015)

A Creative Business? Towards understanding the livelihoods of visual artists  ESRC (2000- 2001)

Enterprising livelihoods in rural households: new and old ways of working,   ESRC (1999 – 2001)

Balancing work and family lives in self-employment, Joseph Rowntree Foundation, (2002-3)


Knowledge Exchange and Impact

Essence: European Sustainable Solutions for Existing and New City Environments Erasmus+ Strategic Partnership 2014 - 2017

FINCODA: Framework for Innovation Competencies Development and Assessment Erasmus+ Knowledge Alliance (2015 – 201)

SAUNAC Sustainability Alliance of Urban Networks in Asian Cities Erasmus+ Knowledge Alliance (2016 – 2019)

Engaging Scottish Local Authorities: Process and Impact Review ESRC / Scottish Funding Council (2010 – 2011)

Schools Stand up to Racism - articuating impact, JISC (2012)

Dancing with New  partners: Research methods to establish and monitor impacts of user engagement in times of austerity (2011 – 2012)





  • Social Innovation, civil society, social enterprise and public services View project »


  • R. Wilson, A. Fraser, J. Kimmitt, S. Tan, N. McHugh, T. Lowe, M. Warner, S. Baines, E. Carter. (2020). Theme: Futures in social investment? Learning from the emerging policy and practice of Social Impact Bonds (SIBs). Public Money & Management. 40(3), pp.179-182.
  • S. Baines, A. Bassi, J. Csoba, F. Sipos (2019). Implementing innovative social investment: Strategic lessons from Europe. S. Baines, A. Bassi, J. Csoba, F. Sipos. Bristol: The Policy Press. View publication »
  • C. O'Leary, S. Baines, G. Bailey, T. McNeil, J. Csoba, F. Sipos. (2018). Innovation and Social Investment Programs in Europe. European Policy Analysis. 4(2), pp.294-312.
  • R. Wilson, S. Baines, M. Martin, P. Richter, I. McLoughlin, et al. (2017). Who is Telecaring Whom? Exploring the total social organisation of care work in an Italian Municipality. New Technology, Work and Employment. 32(3), pp.268-282.
  • Bull, M., Ridley-Duff, R., Whittam, G. and Baines, S. (2018) Challenging tensions and contradictions: Critical, theoretical and empirical perspectives on social enterprise, International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 24 (3): 582-586
  • R. Wilson, J. Cornford, S. Richardson, S. Baines, JR. Gil-Garcia, et al. (2019). Editorial: Information sharing-Easy to say horizontal - much harder to do than we want to believe!. Public Money and Management. 39(5), pp.317-319.
  • Seanor, P., Bull, M., Baines, S., Purcell, M. (2014). Where social enterprise practitioners draw the line: Towards an understanding of movement from social entrepreneurship as boundary work. International Journal of Public Sector Management, 27(4), 353-368, UK.
  • Lawthom, R, Kagan, C, Burton, M, Lo, S, Mok, L, Sham, S, Baines, S and Greenwood, M (2017) Partnership working as liberation psychology: Forced labor among UK Chinese migrant workers, Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community 45 (1), 7-18
  • Baines, S., Hill, P., Garrety, K. (2014). What Happens When Digital Information Systems Are Brought Into Health and Social Care? Comparing Approaches to Social Policy in England and Australia. Social Policy & Society, 13(4), 569-578.
  • Antcliff, V., Baines, S. and Gorb, E. (2016) Developing your own graduate employees: Employer perspectives on the value of a degree apprenticeship. Higher Education, Skills and Work-Based Learning, 6(4), 378-383.
  • Wilson, R. McLoughlin, I. and Baines, S. (2014). Hiding in plain sight or Disappearing in the rear view mirror?: Whatever happened to the revolution in information for Health and Social Care - Learning from England and Australia’, Social Policy & Society, 13(4), 563-568.
  • Grimm, R., Fox, C., Baines, S. and Albertson, K. (2013) Social innovation, an answer to contemporary societal challenges? Locating the concept in theory and practice, Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research, 26 (4): 463 – 455.
  • Seanor, P, Bull, M., Baines, S and Ridley-Duff, R (2013) Narratives of transition from social to enterprise: You can’t get there from here! International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, 19(3): 324 – 343
  • Cornford, J., Baines, S. and Wilson R. (2013) Representing the Family: how does the State ‘Think Family’? Policy and Politics, 41(1): 1-19.
  • Wilson, R., Baines, S., Fergusson, M., Hardill, I. (2013). Editorial - Information for local governance: Data is the solution! What was the question again? Public Money & Management, 33(3):163 - 166.
  • Lawthom, R., Kagan, C., Baines, S., Lo, S., Sham, S., Mok, L., Greenwood, M., Gaule, S. (2013) Experiences of forced labour amongst Chinese migrant workers: exploring the context of vulnerability and protection, International Journal of Work Organisation and Emotion, 5(3): 261-280
  • Baines, S., Bull, M. and Woolrych, R. (2010) A more entrepreneurial mindset? Engaging Third Sector Suppliers to the NHS, Social Enterprise Journal, 6 (1): 49 – 58
  • Fisher J., Baines S. and Rayner M. (2012) Personalisation and the Co-operative Tradition, Social Policy & Society, 11(4): 507 -518
  • Baines, S., Wilson, R. and Walsh, S. (2010) Seeing the full picture? Technologically enabled multi-agency working in health and social care, New Technology, Work and Employment, 25 (1): 19 – 33.
  • Hardill, I. and Baines, S. (2009) Personal reflections on Knowledge Transfer and changing UK research priorities 21st Century Society; Journal of the Academy of Social Sciences, 4 (1): 83-96.
  • Baines, S. and Hardill, I. (2008) At least I can do something’: the work of volunteering in a community beset by worklessness, Social Policy and Society, 7(3): 307-317.
  • Wilson R., Baines S., Cornford, J. and Martin M (2007) ‘Trying to do a jigsaw without the picture on the box’: Understanding the challenges of care integration in the context of single assessment for older people in England. International Journal of Integrated Care, 7
  • Lie M. and Baines S. (2007) Making Sense or Organisational Change: The Voices of Older Volunteers, Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, 18 (3): 225-240.
  • Gannon-Leary, P., Baines, S. and Wilson, R. (2006) Collaboration and partnership: A review and reflections on a national project to join up local services in England, Journal of Interprofessional Care, 20(6): 665-674.
  • Baines, S. and Wheelock, J. (2003) Creative livelihoods: The economic survival of visual artists in the North of England Northern Economic Review 33/34, 118 – 133.
  • Baines, S. and Gelder U. (2003) ‘What is family friendly about the workplace in the home? The case of self-employed parents and their children’ New Technology, Work and Employment, 18 (3): 223 – 234.
  • Wheelock J, Oughton E and Baines S. (2003) Getting by with a little help from your family: towards a policy relevant model of the working household. Feminist Economics 9 (1):19-45
  • Oughton, E, Wheelock, J. and Baines, S. (2003) Micro-businesses and Social Inclusion in Rural Households: a Comparative Analysis. Sociologia Ruralis, 43(4), 331–348.
  • Hardill I. and Baines S. (2003) ‘Doing one’s duty: Volunteering, employment and unemployment in local economic development. Local Economy 18(2), 102 – 108
  • Baines, S. (2002) ‘New technologies and old ways of working in the home of the self-employed teleworker’, New Technology, Work and Employment, 17( 2): 89 – 101
  • Baines, S. and Robson, L. (2001) Being Self Employed or Being Enterprising? The case of creative work for the media industries. Journal of small Business and Enterprise Development, 8(4), 349 - 362.
  • Chell, E. and Baines, S. (2000) Networking, entrepreneurship and microbusiness behaviour. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development 12(3), 195 – 215.
  • Baines, S. and J. Wheelock. (2000) ‘Work and employment in small businesses: Perpetuating and challenging gender traditions.’ Gender, Work and Organization 7: 45 - 55
  • Baines S and Wheelock J. (1998) Working for Each Other: Gender, the Household and Micro-business Survival and Growth. International Small Business Journal, 17(1) 16-35.
  • Baines S and Wheelock J. (1998) Reinventing Traditional Solutions: Job Creation, Gender and the Micro-Business Household. Work, Employment and Society, 12 (4) 579-601.

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